What is it?

Strabismus, or crossed eyes, is an eye disorder where the two eyes do not line up in the same direction. The misalignment may be constant, or it may happen only part of the time.

This condition typically occurs in children, though later onset is possible in some cases.

How does it happen?

When the muscles surrounding the eyes do not work together properly, the eyes can move in two different directions. This causes two different images to be sent to the brain, which can be very confusing. The brain will usually ignore the picture received by the weaker eye. This can often lead to amblyopia, or “lazy eye.”

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of strabismus may occur at all times, or they may come and go. These symptoms may include:

  • Double vision
  • Crossed eyes
  • Vision loss
  • Depth-perception loss
  • Misaligned eyes

What are my risk factors?

A family history of strabismus is the most notable risk factor. However, pre-existing eye conditions, such as farsightedness, may sometimes cause strabismus as well.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Your eye doctor will conduct a comprehensive eye exam, measuring visual acuity and reflexes, to determine the presence and severity of the condition.

In most cases, strabismus can be successfully treated through surgery to realign the eyeballs. In less severe cases, visual therapy may be useful in training the eyeballs to function with each other. Glasses and eye patches may be helpful tools in the treatment.

How can I prevent it from happening?

This condition is usually hereditary and present at birth. There are no known ways to prevent it.

If you are experiencing similar symptoms to strabismus, contact us today.

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