What is it?

Retinitis pigmentosa is a slowly developing, degenerative eye disease that affects the retina. The retina, which receives signals from light, is located at the back of the eye. This condition is very rare and can lead to blindness over time.

How does it happen?

If you have retinitis pigmentosa, the retinas in your eyes will gradually deteriorate, losing cells and effectiveness, over time. The exact causes are relatively unknown, but it is a genetic disorder, passed down through families.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of retinitis pigmentosa often start appearing in early childhood. The symptoms will gradually become worse over time. These may include:

  • Night blindness
  • Loss of peripheral (side) vision
  • Loss of central vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Trouble adjusting from darkness to light (and vice-versa)

What are my risk factors?

Retinitis pigmentosa seems to be only a genetic disease. If there is a history of the condition in your family, you may be at risk of developing it at some point.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Your eye doctor can perform a comprehensive eye exam to test for retinitis pigmentosa. Your doctor will measure visual acuity, perform side vision tests, and check your pupil reflexes.

There are no treatments or cures at this time for retinitis pigmentosa.

How can I prevent it from happening?

This condition is genetic, so it cannot be prevented. Although, wearing sunglasses or consuming a lot of antioxidants may help slow its progress.

If you are experiencing similar symptoms to retinitis pigmentosa, contact us today.

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