If you have ocular hypertension, the pressure inside your eyes, known as intraocular pressure (IOP) is above normal. High pressure in your eyes, if untreated, may lead to the onset of glaucoma or vision loss later in life.
Your eye pressure is measured in terms of millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). In a normal eye, the pressure should be between 10 mm Hg and 21 mm Hg. If you have ocular hypertension, your eye pressure is anything over 21 mm Hg.
There are quite a few different causes of ocular hypertension. These include the following:
If you have ocular hypertension, you will not experience any symptoms or notice any signs of the condition.
Genetics play a large role in the development and onset of ocular hypertension. If ocular hypertension and/or glaucoma run in your family, you may be at risk. Additionally, the following groups of people are at the highest risk of ocular hypertension:
Your eye doctor can diagnose ocular hypertension during a routine eye exam. If you have a family history of the condition or a higher risk, it is important to schedule regular eye exams.
Ocular hypertension cannot be cured, but it is possible to lower eye pressure using prescription eye drops (only in some cases).
There is no way to prevent the condition from happening. However, with regular exams and treatment, you can lessen your risk of developing glaucoma or losing your sight.
If you think you may be at risk for developing ocular hypertension, contact us today.