Keratoconus is an eye condition that happens when the front part of the eye (cornea) becomes thin and cone-shaped. The irregular shape affects the way light enters the eye, leading to visual distortions and unclear sight.
When the structure of the cornea is not strong enough to maintain its shape, it can shift from round to cone-shaped by bulging outward slightly. The structure is made of tiny protein fibers called collagen. This shape change causes an interruption in the way the light enters the eye.
Symptoms of Keratoconus often do not show up until the affected person is in their late teens to their late 20s. Common symptoms of the condition may include:
Keratoconus is often a hereditary condition, so if it runs in your family, you may be at risk.
During an eye exam, your eye doctor will measure the curvature of your cornea. This is done using an instrument called a keratometer, which shines light onto the surface of the eye.
In most cases, your vision can be corrected through the use of glasses or contact lenses. It is important to maintain regular eye appointments, as your prescription may change often with this condition.
Keratoconus is not necessarily preventable, as it is hereditary.
If you are experiencing similar symptoms to Keratoconus, contact us today.