A cataract can occur when the lens of your eye becomes cloudy. This cloudiness affects the way light passes through the eye, which leads to some loss of vision. There are quite a few different types of cataracts, including:
Cataracts are a result of a buildup of protein on the lens. The protein can clump together, which then creates the cloudy vision associated with the condition.
The symptoms can vary, depending on the type of cataracts and the severity of the condition. Symptoms may include:
As you age, your risk for developing cataracts will increase. Other risk factors are smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Air pollution or too much exposure to sunlight may also put you at risk.
Cataracts can be detected through a comprehensive eye exam by your eye doctor. Your doctor may dilate your pupils and/or measure how well you can see things at a distance.
If the condition is diagnosed early, it may be treated by wearing specialized glasses (such as anti-glare glasses). In severe cases, the cataract will have to be surgically removed and replaced with an artificial lens.
Cataracts may not necessarily be preventable, but you can change certain habits to minimize your risk. If you have diabetes or are getting older, it is important to have regular eye exams. Cutting back on smoking or alcohol consumption may help prevent the condition as well.
If you are experiencing similar symptoms to cataracts, contact us today.