What is it?

A cataract can occur when the lens of your eye becomes cloudy. This cloudiness affects the way light passes through the eye, which leads to some loss of vision. There are quite a few different types of cataracts, including:

  • Age-Related Cataracts: This type of cataracts occurs as a result of aging.
  • Congenital Cataracts: This type can occur in newborn babies or young children, as a result of poor development or an infection.
  • Secondary Cataracts: Other conditions (such as diabetes) or drugs may lead to this type of cataracts.
  • Traumatic Cataracts: Cataracts can also occur after an injury or trauma to the eye.

How does it happen?

Cataracts are a result of a buildup of protein on the lens. The protein can clump together, which then creates the cloudy vision associated with the condition.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms can vary, depending on the type of cataracts and the severity of the condition. Symptoms may include:

  • Cloudy or blurry vision
  • Trouble seeing at night
  • Faded or distorted colors
  • Problems with glare from light
  • Double vision (seeing multiple images through one eye)

What are my risk factors?

As you age, your risk for developing cataracts will increase. Other risk factors are smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Air pollution or too much exposure to sunlight may also put you at risk.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Cataracts can be detected through a comprehensive eye exam by your eye doctor. Your doctor may dilate your pupils and/or measure how well you can see things at a distance.

If the condition is diagnosed early, it may be treated by wearing specialized glasses (such as anti-glare glasses). In severe cases, the cataract will have to be surgically removed and replaced with an artificial lens.

How can I prevent it from happening?

Cataracts may not necessarily be preventable, but you can change certain habits to minimize your risk. If you have diabetes or are getting older, it is important to have regular eye exams. Cutting back on smoking or alcohol consumption may help prevent the condition as well.

If you are experiencing similar symptoms to cataracts, contact us today.